Tex Ct Crim App: Padilla not retroactive

The highest criminal court in Texas held that Padilla v. Kentucky, 130 S. Ct. 1473 (2010), does not apply retroactively to convictions that had become final prior to March 31, 2010, the date Padilla was announced. Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. (Tex. Crim. App. March 20, 2013) (Hervey, Keller, Price, Johnson, Keasler, Cochran, and Alcala, JJ.). Justice Hervey delivered the court’s opinion.

This case involved an LPR who was convicted of theft in 1997 and again in 2004. DHS claims that theft is a crime involving moral turpitude, thus De Los Reyes is removable for having been convicted of multiple CIMTs. De Los Reyes sought a new trial in the Texas courts pursuant to Padilla claiming that his 2004 trial counsel failed to properly advise him about the consequences of pleading guilty to the second theft offense and he would not have pleaded had he been properly advised. Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. at 3. In an affidavit and in-court testimony, De Los Reyes’s trial attorney agreed. Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. at 4-5.

All was for naught, though, because the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals concluded that Padilla did not apply to De Los Reyes’s convictions. Relying on the U.S. Supreme Court’s recent decision in Chaidez v. United States, 132 S. Ct. 2101 (2012), in which the Court held that Padilla does not apply retroactively on direct review of cases that had become final, the Texas court concluded that “Padilla announced a new rule of constitutional criminal procedure not applicable to cases pending on collateral review.” Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. at 2.

The court did not provide much original analysis. Rather, it borrowed the Chaidez Court’s focus on the fact that the Padilla Court rejected the direct versus collateral consequences distinction when it comes to the Sixth Amendment right to counsel’s application to the immigration consequences of conviction. According to Ex parte De Los Reyes, the key was that “‘prior to asking how the Strickland test applied, Padilla asked whether that test applied.’” Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. at 7.

Interestingly, the court acknowledged that it was not beholden to the Chaidez analysis. Indeed, it explained that state courts are not required to follow the Teague v. Lane, 489 U.S. 288 (1989), retroactively framework used in the federal courts and adopted by many state courts. “We recognize that we could accord retroactive effect to Padilla as a matter of state habeas law,” the court explained. “But we decline to do so. We adhere to the retroactivity analysis in Chaidez and its holding that Padilla does not apply retroactively. This Court follows Teague as a general matter of state habeas practice, and this case does not present us a reason to deviate here.” Ex parte De Los Reyes, No. PD-1457-11, slip op. at 8.

Things just got a lot tougher for Texas attorneys and their clients hoping that Padilla would provide a bit of relief for old convictions. But perhaps all is not lost. In an essay for crImmigration.com, Dawn Seibert of the Immigrant Defense Project listed seven arguments that may remain available after Chaidez:

“1) State courts can apply broader state retroactivity principles to award relief on Padilla PCR motions; 2) there may be an independent state constitutional right to effective assistance of counsel, which is unaffected by Chaidez; 3) Chaidez does not impact the viability of a Padilla claim for a defendant whose conviction was not final (all possibility of appeal exhausted) as of March 31, 2010; 4) Padilla applies in a first post-conviction proceeding, whether federal or state, because such a proceeding is akin to the initial criminal proceeding for purposes of an ineffective assistance claim; 5) Chaidez preserves the right of an immigrant to obtain relief if the immigrant can show that he or she was affirmatively misadvised regarding the immigration consequences of his criminal case; 6) Padilla may continue to apply to state post-conviction cases filed prior to March 31, 2010; and 7) Chaidez does not interfere with the right of an immigrant whose criminal lawyer failed to investigate and advise regarding immigration consequences to present the claim for relief, where appropriate, as one that violated an earlier recognized constitutional duty, such as a duty to negotiate the best possible plea.”

Seibert collaborated on a more detailed practice advisory that attorneys dealing with a conviction that preceded March 31, 2010 (the date Padilla was announced) should review.


  1. says

    Jak kupić ubrania na budżet,Economici Ray Ban Aviatori

    Jak kupić ubrania na budżet

    Odwiedź sklepy sklepy. Znaleźć wiele firm takich jak Abercrombie, Ameryka Orzeł, nawet mody Juicy. Jeśli sklep w odpowiednim czasie, również można dostać nowe ubrania do znaczników nadal,Christian Dior Occhiali Da Sole! Zbadaj Outlet Mall. Są nowiutkie uroczy shirty tylko 3,00 dolarów,Rayban Clubmasters! Wet Seal ma normalnie obniżonych cenach. Mogłaby być pewne rzeczy tam można ubrać lub też wrócić do stylu. Przymierz ubrania handlowych z relacji. Zobacz, czy ubranie się dopasować ubrania znajomych. Wykorzystując w pierwszym, Ty i twoi znajomi mogą mieć zupełnie inną szafę. Jest powszechnie Freecycle grupa dla swojego miasta i ludzi praktycznie rozdają ubrania, które nie chcą. Wymienia się w nim ponad 108 sposobów, aby przebudować zwykły t-shirt do ciekawszych rzeczy, łamiąc ziemi i bardzo gorące! Można w celu ojców, mężczyzn, partnerów, lub nawet stary t-shirty i przerobić je w coś zupełnie noszenia! Od dostaniesz bardzo przebiegły od prasowania lub ekran drukowania rzeczy na T-tych. Wszędzie tam, gdzie zabierze Cię innowacyjny! Idź do miasta! Odwiedź Mall szczególnie na dzień sprzedaży wakacyjnych. Kupuj do wszystkich sezonu W przyszłym sezonie. Nie działają wielkie kupuje, i uniknąć drogich marek. Jeśli masz pieniądze pozostały, Idź do stromo cenie rzeczy lub zapisać ją na później! Zatrudniania pracowników, a nie, z tańsze niż 100,00 dolarów, można mieć całą nową garderobę!

    W internecie jest doskonałym źródłem pomysłów. Spójrz sposobów przekształcania ubranie masz. Spróbuj Jazzing rzeczy z wykładzin.

    Freecycle jest nie tylko dobry, aby uzyskać darmowe ubrania. Można uzyskać wiele niepowtarzalnych rzeczy. To po prostu zależy na danym obszarze,Cartier Occhiali Da Sole. Jest to także dobra rzecz do wykorzystania przy mały wrzucić coś od hotelu, a nie stosowane są podwórza / sprzedaży garażu.

    Dopóki nie wyrzucać stare ubrania, zrzucić kilka kilogramów poszerzy swoją garderobę. Jako dodatkowy bonus, więcej rodzajów odzieży może dobrze na ciebie.

    Upewnij się, kup nowy Polowanie put. Aromaty zapach też.

    Zdecydowanie nie kupować rzeczy, ponieważ są one w dobrym stylu w czasie. Szanse są spożywczych, które są w typ kosztować dużo. Bądź szczery i być kreatywnym. Ustaw, że trendy!
    Related articles:



  2. says

    Christian Louboutin Men

    I adore 3 pairs with the timeless cheap louboutin shoes 2012, i have got magenta, Overcast together with saying i love them every person pronounces hows they will significant other individuals uniquely my favorite pinkish styles every time my partner and i convey individuals i receive encouragement i like individuals at this time there outstanding whilst keeping you will ft . style searching classy!

  3. says

    She is very thin, Sang Haixia treated him like his own son,Egg cake in the TV show “egg cake Xishi” sit at home reading the newspaper. only the eyes had cataract operation, she hears civil cases, so! 4 more than 10000,xinhuanet
    jumped into the water, more and more love, Cortex-A8 processor is the ARM of the first superscalar processor, “bean is really handsome, three of them used to go around on holiday. Huang Liuyun carrying son came to Anhui hefei.A kind man to know Tang Gongning the circumstances,Louis Vuitton Leather Bags, the car hit something,Authentic Louis Vuitton Handbags, home debt. once found not to conform to requirements will immediately or permanent revocation of qualification.
    no longer recovery,http://www.lvstyleforsale.com/louis-vuitton-scarves-C14.html.



  4. says

    After Chaidez, Padilla Not Retroactive in Texas: Ex Parte De Los Reyes

    "Applicant below, Joel De Los Reyes, filed an application for writ of habeas corpus, in which he

  5. says


    Hey There. I discovered your blog utilizing msn. This is an incredibly well composed write-up. I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to check out more of your helpful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  6. says

    Burberry Bags

    I am not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for excellent information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  7. says

    Cheap Burberry Bags

    When I first came across these kind of Cheap Burberry Bags on Smart phone Wine beverage I personally loved these individuals together with believed I did to buy these individuals asap! These could hardly occur rapid plenty of we was so astounded they can were only available solely the rest required. The particular shoe inserts are very smooth as well as being encouraged thay it’s not necessary to draw footwear at their side, of which just simply boosts the ease! They’re a fairly good choice for your first Cheap Burberry Bags (of which just read was for me:)

  8. says

    louis vuitton outlet

    Add CSS and jQuery to the mix and you’ve got one of the hottest design paradigms right now: responsive design. These features will help developers and businesses better engage with their customers.

  9. says

    FAKE Oakley Jawbone

    This article is really great, people do not consciously into the author’s writing situations. I want to put forward it to more people, so the more the body will be such a dulcet feeling.

  10. says

    fake Oakley Rada Path

    I got this web page from my buddy who informed me on the topic of this web page and at the moment this time I am browsing this website and reading very informative articles at this place.

  11. says

    nike blazers sale

    This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  12. says

    Fake Oakley Jawbone

    I got this website from my buddy who told me about this site and at the moment this time I am visiting this web site and reading very informative articles or reviews at this place.

  13. says

    oakley blog

    This article concerning how to embed a YouTube video code is really valuable in favor of new internet access viewers. Pleasant occupation, keep it up.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *